12.1. Car check before departure
Daily survey and car check, timely repair and maintenance service – a guarantee of your safety. If you daily pay attention to a condition of your car, that, at all without having the big driver's experience, will manage to notice the first symptoms of occurrence of any malfunction at subconscious level – with car something not so: not that sound of work of the motor, somewhere has appeared new knock, the car began to pull aside during movement, the fuel expense has increased, there was a smoke from an exhaust pipe, after long parking under car there is a puddle, antifreeze level (oils suddenly began to decrease, a brake liquid) etc. Procedure of daily survey (or before each trip if you go less often) should become for you a habit.
Daily check begin with the general survey of the car. Pay attention to the following:
– Presence under the car of traces of leaks of oil, brake and cooling liquids;
– A condition of a paint and varnish covering (whether there were new scratches);
– A condition of tyres (whether has lowered a wheel, whether there were "hernias", cuts);
– The general completeness of the car – presence of mirrors, brushes of screen wipers, bolts of fastening of wheels, грязезащитных aprons (mudguards), the state licence plates;
– Cleanliness of glasses of headlights, indexes of turn and back lanterns, wind, lateral and back glasses, external rear-view mirrors, the state licence plates (if necessary wipe).
It is possible to wash a windscreen only with a water considerable quantity.
Before the first start-up of the engine daily (or before each trip if you use the car less often) open a cowl
and visually check up completeness of the engine and units, density of landing of high-voltage wires, electric sockets, hoses. Check up presence of traces of leaks of fuel, oil, brake and cooling liquids.
Check up and finish to norm:
– Oil level in the engine (it should be between labels «MIN» and «MAX» on маслоизмерительном щупе);
– Level of a cooling liquid in a broad tank (it should be hardly below a label «MAX» on a broad tank);
– Level of a brake liquid in a tank of the main brake cylinder (it should be hardly below a label «MAX» on a tank of the main brake cylinder);
– Level of a brake liquid in a tank of a hydrodrive of deenergizing of coupling (it should be not below 5 mm from the bottom edge of a bulk mouth);
– Liquid level in a tank of the pump of the hydraulic booster (it should be between labels «MIN» and «MAX» the index of a cover of a tank).
Without closing a cowl
(cover it in case of a rain or a snowfall), get into the car. Turn the ignition key and start up the engine.
During warming up once again examine the engine, be convinced of absence of leaks of fuel, the oil, a cooling liquid. Listen, whether there were new suspicious sounds in engine work. Close a cowl
, but before a start of motion check up work of headlights, indexes of turn, back lanterns, stoplights, a sound signal, a cleaner and a washer of glasses of wind and back windows, a salon heater, adjustment of rear-view mirrors.
When you will begin movement, check up work of brake system. For this purpose, having passed literally 2–5 m, it is very sharp and as it is possible press a brake pedal more strongly. It is useful to leave the car and to look at prints of wheels on the earth or asphalt – so check a simultaneity of braking of wheels. Stop the engine and again start up it, having pressed and keeping a brake pedal: if the pedal slightly leaves downwards after engine start-up, the vacuum amplifier of brakes
works. Try to press some more time a brake pedal – if it did not become "soft" after tests (the brake hose has not torn, the brake cylinder has not failed) and is not becomes more rigid"with each pressing (air in system is not present), it is possible to begin a trip.
The first 15 mines try not to include music in salon, and listen to the sounds published by the car. By the way, it is useful for making and in the end of a trip before car statement on parking or in garage.