1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
12.1. Car check before departure
12.2. A car sink
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices


12.2. A car sink

Longer to keep a car trade dress, regularly watch a condition of a paint and varnish covering of a body. The body is painted by synthetic enamel of hot drying.
The qualified masters, and service on forces to everyone should spend covering repair only.
At the heart of service – a regular sink and processing by special protective structures. To wash a body it is possible on a specialised sink (only manually, without application of mechanical brushes) or it is independent in specially taken away places. For an independent sink the bucket and two brushes be required: big with a long soft bristle (it is better with the long handle) for a sink of a body and small with a rigid bristle for a sink of forward and back panels of a body and disks of wheels. Some rags Is required also. It is not necessary to wash the car on the sun, and also in a dusty place at a strong wind.

Do not dust also a dirt a body a dry rag – it is possible to scratch a paint and varnish covering.
It is forbidden to use gasoline, kerosene, soda and sea water for washing.
It is impossible to wash a body in very frosty weather or to leave on a frost on the car with a wet body: at water freezing on a paint surface microcracks can be formed.
It is impossible to apply gasoline or solvent to clearing of plastic details.

At first pour over a body two-three buckets of water that the dust and a dirt were softened. Then dissolve in a bucket special autoshampoo according to the instruction on application (for the bodies painted by a metallic, get special, with draining effect). Shampoo put a brush, it is impossible to apply a rag or a sponge: they keep parts of sand and a dust which leave microscratches on a paint and varnish covering of a body, paternal it grows dull. At shampoo drawing it is possible slightly потереть for a body surface.
One-two buckets of water pour over a body, deleting surpluses of shampoo. Then, preliminary having rinsed a brush, with its help definitively wash up a body pure water. Allow to a body to dry during 3–5 mines and rub off dry, deleting divorces and traces of smudges of water. Glasses and the panel of devices can be cleaned in addition special washing-up liquids and polyroles. As it is possible to arrive with a fabric upholstery of salon which is not out of place for cleaning from time to time a vacuum cleaner.
After a sink it is useful to process a body special polyroles according to the instruction on their application.

For cleaning of details of an upholstery of salon and seats it is recommended to use a vacuum cleaner. Fat stains from an upholstery delete a soap solution or special means for interior clearing.
It is better to wash glasses with the soft rag moistened in water with addition стеклоомывающей of a liquid.
Wheel arches wash or a water stream under pressure, or a hair brush. The bottom is convenient for washing out a hair brush. We recommend to wash the bottom not less often than once a year, it is desirable prior to the beginning of winter operation, before restoration of an anticorrosive covering. Periodically wash out the bottom and wheel arches during the winter period to clear them of salt.

Table 12.1 the Approximate complete set of means for care of the car
The name препарата*
The engine cleaner - a mix of solvents and washing-up liquids, deletes the specific
Engine pollution
Autoshampoo with wax карнобы - does not contain caustic components, simultaneously clears and polishes
Gold autowax with teflon - provides teflon protection of a body
Silicone autowax - provides silicone protection of a body
Colour автополироль - possesses easy tinting effect,
Fills small scratches
Protective the polyrole - protects from ultra-violet beams
The panel polyrole - protects the panel of devices from fading
Silicone shine for tyres - possesses грязеотталкивающим property
The universal cleaner - clears and updates an upholstery, covers, carpets
The cleaner of bitumen and insects - deletes bitumen stains and traces from insects

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13. Purchase of spare parts