Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
13.1. Engine oil
13.2. Plastic greasings
13.3. Cooling liquids
13.4. A brake liquid
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 











13-1-motornoe-maslo.html

13.1. Engine oil

Engine oils divide into two principal views:
Mineral (received by distillation from oil) – their viscosity strongly depends on temperature. Various additives which, in turn, quickly enough collapse because of high mechanical and thermal loadings are applied to stabilisation of properties, reducing oil service life;
Synthetic (received by chemical synthesis) – possess high uniformity and stability of properties. Remain more liquid on a frost and more dense in a heat. Burn down in the engine less, form less adjournment, have больший service life.
Intermediate position is occupied with so-called semisynthetic oils. They are made on a mineral basis, but with additives of synthetic components and consequently on quality come nearer to synthetic oils, but is much cheaper than them.

       GOOD ADVICE
Synthetic oils do not destroy engine epiploons, however at their use leak occurrence through the worn out epiploons owing to большей fluidity of synthetic oils in comparison with the mineral is possible.
Service life of synthetic oils only ненамного, than mineral.
Fast dimness of oil speaks only about its good washing properties and the polluted system of greasing.

       THE PREVENTION
Categorically application of engine oils is forbidden:
– Not intended for petrol automobile engines;
– With inappropriate operational characteristics (the Russian manufacture with letters And, In in a designation of mark of oil; import manufacture with letters SA, SB, SC, SD, SE in a classification designation on API);
– Not corresponding to a season on viscosity (on classifications SAE and Russia).


Table 13.1 the Temperature range of application of engine oils (classification on SAE)
-40 °C
-30 °C
-20 °C
-10 °C
0
10 °C
20 °C
30 °C
40 °C
50 °C


0 W










5 W











10 W













15 W











20 W











30 W












40 W










50 W









5 W 40










10 W 40











15 W 40










15 W 50








5 W 30



Table 13.2 the Domestic and foreign oils recommended for cars VAZ
Marks of oils
Class on SAE
Class on API
The manufacturer
The domestic
«Reksol the versatile person»
10W30, 10W40, 15W40, 20W30, 20W40
SF/CC
Open Society «Ryazan НПЗ», Ryazan
«Reksol in Super M»
5W30
SJ/CC

«Уфалюб»
15W40
SF/CC
Joint-stock company "Уфанефтехим", Ufa
«Норси»
10W30, 10W40, 15W40, 20W30, 20W40
SF/CC
Joint-stock company "НОРСИ", Kstovo
«Велс-2»
10W30, 15W40
SG/CF-4
Joint-stock company «LUKOIL the oil company»
«Spektrol the versatile person of a turbo»
10W40
SJ/CF-4
НПФ "SPECTRUM-CAR", Moscow
«Спектрол»
15W40, 15W30
SF/CC

The import
BP VISCO 3000
10W40
SJ/CF
BP (Great Britain)
BP VISCO 2000
15W40
SG/CF

CASTROL GTX5
10W40
SJ/CF/EC
CASTROL (Great Britain)
CASTROL GTX3
15W40
SJ/CF

SHELL HELIX PLUS
10W40
SJ/CF
SHELL (Denmark)
MOTUL 4100
10W40
SJ/CF
MOTUL (France)
MOTUL 4000
15W40
SJ/CF

DELUXE-40°C
10W40
SJ/CF-4
QUAKER STATE (USA)

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13.2. Plastic greasings