Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
13.1. Engine oil
13.2. Plastic greasings
13.3. Cooling liquids
13.4. A brake liquid
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 











13-3-okhlazhdayushhie-zhidkosti.html

13.3. Cooling liquids

According to the maintenance instruction in system of cooling of engines of the Volga car factory are applied низкозамерзающие liquids – antifreezes: water solutions of spirits, glycols, glycerine and some salts with addition of special additives. One of kinds of antifreezes – antifreeze – a water solution этиленгликоля with additives.

Table 13.4 the Basic indicators of antifreeze (THAT 6-02-751-78)
Indicator
АМ
AND "65М
AND "40М
Colour
The blue
The red
The blue
Density at 20 °С, g/sm3
1,120-1,140
1,085-1,095
1,075-1,085
Freezing temperature, °С
It is not normalised
-65
-40
Boiling temperature, °С
170
115
108
Structure, %:



этиленгликоль
96
60-64
50-56
Water
4
40-36
50-44
Additives
6-7
3,5-5
3-3,5

Table 13.5 antifreeze Substitutes
The name
The manufacturer
"Lena"
Joint-stock company "Капролактам"
Spectrol Anti-Freeze
НПФ "Spectrum-car"
Antifreeze and Coolant
Quaker State
Antifreeze Methanol free
BP, UK
Preston
Preston Products Corporation
Havoline
S.A. TEXACO BELGIUM N.Y.

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13.2. Plastic greasings
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13.4. A brake liquid