1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
16.1. Recommendations
16.2. The list of malfunctions and conditions, at which апрещается operation of vehicles
16.3. Changes to the state standards regulating the maximum permissible maintenance of harmful substances in fulfilled gases of vehicles
17. The standard form of a diagnostic card for points of the tool control
17. Appendices


16.2. The list of malfunctions and conditions, at which апрещается operation of vehicles

Extraction from the Appendix to «to Substantive provisions under the admission of vehicles to operation and duties of officials on traffic safety».
1. Brake systems.
1.1. At road tests following norms of efficiency of braking are not observed by working brake system:

Type of the transport
Brake way, m, no more
The established
M/s2, not less
The single... Cars
With the trailer

1.2. Tests spend on a horizontal site of road with equal, dry, pure tsemento - or асфальтобетонным a covering at speed in the beginning of braking of 40 km/h – for cars. Vehicles test in the equipped condition with the driver by unitary influence for controls working brake system.
1.3. Efficiency of working brake system of vehicles can be estimated and on other indicators according to GOST 25478–91.
1.4. Tightness of a hydraulic brake drive is broken.
1.5. The lay brake system does not provide a motionless condition of cars... In the equipped condition – on a bias to 23 % inclusive.
2. A steering.
2.1. Total люфт in a steering for cars exceeds 10 °.
2.2. There are movings of details not provided by a design and knots; carving connections are not tightened or not fixed in the established way.
3. External light devices.
3.1. The quantity, type, colour, an arrangement and an operating mode of external light devices do not correspond to requirements of a design of a vehicle.
3.2. Adjustment of headlights does not correspond to requirements of GOST 25478–91.
3.3. Do not work in the established mode or external light devices and световозвращатели are polluted.
3.4. On light devices are absent рассеиватели or are used рассеиватели and the lamps which are not corresponding to type of the given light device.
3.5. In front of a vehicle light devices with fires of red light or световозвращатели red colour, and behind – white colour, except lanterns of a backing and illumination of a registration sign, световозвращающих registration, distinctive and identification signs are established.
4. Screen wipers and стеклоомыватели a windscreen.

4.1. Screen wipers do not work in the established mode
4.2. Do not work provided by a vehicle design стеклоомыватели.
5. Wheels and tyres.
5.1. Tyres of cars have residual height of drawing of a protector less than 1,6 mm...

The note
For trailers establish norms of residual height of drawing of a protector of the tyres, similar to norms for tyres of vehicles – tractors.

5.2. Tyres have local damages (breakdowns, cuts, ruptures), baring a cord, and also skeleton stratification, отслоение a protector and боковины.
5.3. There is no nut (bolt) of fastening or there are cracks of a disk and ободьев wheels.
5.4. Tyres on the size or a safe load do not correspond to vehicle model.
5.5. On one axis... Diagonal tyres together with radial or tyres with various type of drawing of a protector are established...
6. The engine.
6.1. The maintenance of harmful substances in the fulfilled gases and them дымность is exceeded by the sizes established by GOST–87 and GOST 21393–75.
6.2. Tightness of the power supply system is broken.
7. Other elements of a design.
7.1. Are absent provided by a design of a vehicle of a rear-view mirror, glass.
7.2. The sound signal does not work.
7.3. Additional subjects are established or the coverings limiting visibility from a place of the driver, worsening a transparency of the glasses, attracting danger травмирования participants of traffic are put.

The note
On the top part of a windscreen of cars it is possible to attach transparent coloured films. It is authorised to apply тонированные glasses of industrial manufacturing.

7.4. The locks of doors of a body provided by a design do not work... Stoppers of a fuel tank, the mechanism of adjustment of position of a seat of the driver, a speedometer, antijoy ride devices, devices of heating and обдува glasses.
7.5. No... грязезащитные aprons and mudguards.
7.6. It is faulty tjagovo-coupling... The tractor and trailer device, their safety cables (chains) are faulty.
7.7. No... The medical first-aid set, the fire extinguisher, a sign on an emergency stop...
7.8. On the vehicles which are not belonging to operative and special services, sound signals with alternation of tones and цветографические the schemes provided by GOST Р 50574–93 are used flashing маячки.
7.9. There are no seat belts if their installation is provided by a vehicle design.
7.10. Seat belts are disabled or have visible anguishes on a strap.
7.11. The registration sign on a vehicle does not meet the requirements of the standard.
7.14. Are absent provided by a design or additional elements of brake systems, a steering and other knots and units requirements to which are regulated by the present List are established without the coordination with manufacturer of a vehicle or other organisation authorised on that.

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16.3. Changes to the state standards regulating the maximum permissible maintenance of harmful substances in fulfilled gases of vehicles