Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
2.1. Safety precautions regulations and recommendations
2.2. The tool and accessories
2.3. running the car
2.4. Car operation during the guarantee period
2.5. Car check before departure
2.6. Replacement of the filter of air arriving in salon
2.7. Using a jack
2.8. Car towage
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 







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2.5. Car check before departure

Before departure check up a technical condition of the car. You spend no more than 10 mines, but will be assured of serviceability of systems and car units. Check is necessary for carrying out at daily operation of the car even if it seems to you that all works irreproachably. The part of works can be executed during engine warming up, having saved some minutes.
1. Approaching to a parking lot, pay attention, whether there are traces подтекания some no oil or operational liquids under the car. Whenever possible eliminate a leak before departure.
2. Necessarily check up pressure of air in tyres and if necessary finish it to recommended for the given type of tyres. The difference of pressure within 0,2–0,3 kgs/sm2 can worsen controllability parametres, smoothness of a course of the car and to lead to undesirable drift or a pulling down at braking. Because of the lowered pressure in tyres the protector faster wears out and is spent more fuel.

3. Bypass round the car. Check up:
Completeness of demountable details (screen wiper brushes, external mirrors, etc.);
Integrity of glasses of a body, рассеивателей headlights and lanterns. Do not postpone replacement broken рассеивателей. Tresnutye glasses of a body replace as soon as possible;
Condition of tyres. Radial tyres have soft боковины. Tyres with nominal size of internal pressure look lowered a little. Remember their appearance (deposit);
Presence and condition of licence plates.

       THE PREVENTION
Headlights, sidelights, back lanterns and licence plates should be pure.

4. Check up oil level in картере the engine and if necessary add oil to norm.
5. Check up level of a brake liquid in a tank of the main cylinder of a brake and a cooling liquid in a broad tank. If necessary add liquids to norm.
6. Check up liquid level in a tank of the hydraulic booster of a steering. If necessary add a liquid to norm.
7. We recommend to check up whenever possible oil level in a transmission, a distributing box, forward and back bridges and if necessary to add it.
8. Check up work of a lay brake. For this purpose, lifting the lever against the stop, count up quantity of clicks. If clicks more than fourteen, the lay brake has to be adjusted.
9. Check up a sound signal.
10. Check up work of headlights, back lanterns and turn indexes.
11. Check up work of instrumentations, and also screen wipers and washers of a windscreen and glass of a door of a back.
12. Before a trip on the standing car necessarily check up work of brake system, having pressed a brake pedal. If the pedal without resistance "has failed" to a floor, means, the brake system is faulty. Operation of such car is forbidden.

       THE NOTE
Before a distant trip, and also after a long break in operation check up a condition of a spare wheel and complete the car with the tool and accessories. In case of failure detection make the decision (taking into account requirements of Rules of traffic) on the beginning of a trip or car repairs.


Check of wheels
It be required to you: a manometre, the pump, a calliper.

      RECOMMENDATIONS
Pressure of air in tyres of forward and back wheels should be 0,19 (1,9) МПа (kgs/sm2). Periodically check pressure of air in tyres. The raised or lowered pressure leads to premature deterioration of tyres, controllability and stability worsen.



Fig. 2.2. The scheme of shift of wheels


We recommend to use the foot pump with the built in manometre. That tyres wore out in regular intervals, through each 15 000 km of run rearrange wheels according to the scheme on fig. 2.2. Also through each 15 000 km of run отбалансируйте wheels also adjust corners of installation of forward wheels. For this purpose address in a specialised workshop.

       PREVENTIONS
All works on repair of wheels spend in specialised workshops.
Check up, that after repair a wheel отбалансировали.
Operation of tyres with the worn out protector can lead to failure.


1. Turn away a cap from a zolotnik.
2. Check up pressure of air in the tyre. For this purpose dump manometre indications on a zero, having pressed the special button...
3.... Connect a manometre to a zolotnik and press it.
4. If pressure less demanded, connect a hose tip to a zolotnik and pump up air, supervising pressure on a manometre on the pump.
5. If pressure more demanded, press a special ledge of a manometre (it is shown by an arrow) on a zolotnik and let the air out from the tyre. Measure a manometre pressure. Repeating these operations, finish pressure to norm.
6. If you have noticed that pressure of air in tyres constantly falls, try to wrap more tightly a zolotnik by means of a cap with a key.

THE NOTE
So the protective cap with a key for a zolotnik tightening looks.

       THE PREVENTION
In order to avoid pollution of zolotniks do not maintain the car without protective caps. If caps have been lost, necessarily establish the new.

7. To check up tightness of a zolotnik, wet its aperture. If there were vials of leaving air, replace a zolotnik.

8. Measure by a calliper residual depth of a protector. If depth of a protector of 1,6 mm or less, replace the tyre.
9. Check up an inhaling of nuts of fastening of wheels and if necessary tighten them (the inhaling moment see in enc. 1).

Check of level and доливка a cooling liquid
It be required to you: a cooling liquid, a pure rag.

       RECOMMENDATIONS
The Manufacturer recommends to apply following cooling liquids:
– ANTIFREEZE АМ;
– ANTIFREEZE А-40М;
ОЖК LENA;
– ЛЕНА-40;
– SPECTROL ANTI-FREEZE;
– AGIP ANTIFREEZE EXTRA;
– Glysantin G 03.
Before the work beginning establish the car on an equal surface.


The broad tank is established in подкапотном space on the right mudguard and fixed by an elastic belt.

       PREVENTIONS
Check level of a cooling liquid only on the cold engine.
The cooling liquid is toxic, therefore observe safety measures at work with it.
Do not pour a liquid in a tank above a mark «MAX» as at engine work its volume will increase.
At start-up of the engine the stopper of a broad tank should be closed.

       GOOD ADVICE
Constantly watch level of a cooling liquid. Its sharp decrease or increase should become a signal for the immediate reference on car-care centre.
If свежезалитый antifreeze suddenly has unexpectedly quickly changed colour with blue on brown, means, to you have sold a fake in which "have forgotten" to add ингибиторы corrosion. As soon as possible replace a liquid while she has not had time to corrode cooling system.

1. Level of a cooling liquid should be between labels «MAX» and «MIN», put on a wall of a broad tank.
2. For доливки liquids turn away a stopper of a broad tank and add cooling liquid to demanded level.
3. Wrap a stopper of the broad tank, the spilt liquid remove a pure rag.


       THE PREVENTION
Wrap a stopper of a broad tank densely. The broad tank at the working engine is under pressure and consequently at poorly wrapped up stopper from under it the cooling liquid can begin to flow or a stopper can break.

Check of level and доливка oils in greasing system
It be required to you: engine oil, a funnel, a pure rag.

       THE RECOMMENDATION
Engine oil type: "LUKOIL-LUX" (5W-40; 10W-40; 15W-40; SJ/CF), "LUKOIL-SUPER" (5W-30; 5W-40; 10W-40; 15W-40; SG/CD), «JAR-MARK Super» (5W-30; 5W-40; SG/CD), "Novojl Sint" (5W-30; SG/CD), «ESSO ULTRA» (10W-40; SJ/SH/CD), «ESSO UNIFLO» (15W-40; SJ/SH/CD), «SHELL HELUX SUPER» (10W-40; SG/CD), «YUKOS SUPER» (5W-40; 10W-40; 15W-40; SG/CD), «ОМСКОЙЛ LUX» (5W-30; 5W-40; 10W-30; 10W-40; 15W-40; 20W-40; SG/CD), "NORSI-EKSTRA" (5W-30; 10W-30; 5W-40; 10W-40; 15W-40; SG/CD); «UFALJUB АРКТИК SUPER» (5W-30; 5W-40; SG/CD).

The stopper маслоналивной mouths is located on клапанной to a cover. The index of level of oil is located in the middle of the block of cylinders on a cover сапуна ventilation systems crankcase.

       PREVENTIONS
Before check of level of oil after a trip muffle the engine and wait for 5-10 mines while oil will not merge in the pallet.
Add oil of the same mark, as well as used earlier.
Oil level in картере the engine should not exceed a mark «MAX», leaks through linings and epiploons, and also the raised expense of oil differently are possible.
Check level, having established the car on an equal horizontal platform.

       GOOD ADVICE
Oil щуп smooth, and level of pure oil on it is visible badly. Finish it how it is made on many foreign cars. Put щуп on an anvil, put between labels a rough file and sharply strike on it a hammer. On щупе there will be a notch on which oil will be very good considerably.

1. Take out the index (щуп)...
2.... Wipe a pure rag and again insert it into place.
3. Repeatedly take out the index (щуп). Level of an oil film should be between labels «MIN» and «MAX». If oil level comes nearer to a label «MIN» or below it, add oil.
4. Turn a stopper маслоналивной mouths approximately on 90 ° counter-clockwise and remove it.
5. Establish a funnel in a mouth and fill in oil in the engine, supervising by means of the index oil level. Before taking out the index, wait for 2-3 mines to allow to oil to flow down in картер.
6. After oil level has reached demanded, close a mouth stopper, having turned it clockwise on 90 °.


Check of level and доливка a brake liquid
It be required to you: a brake liquid, a pure rag.

       GOOD ADVICE
Type of a brake liquid: "Tom'" or "Dew" a class not more low DOT-4.
At falling of level of a brake liquid in a tank below a label «MIN» in a combination of devices the control lamp lights up red light. We recommend to check level before each departure and if necessary to add a liquid in a tank, without waiting, while the control lamp will light up: this operation is better for spending beforehand. If the brake liquid in a tank has to be added often enough, at once address to experts or eliminate malfunction independently (section 8 «Brake system» see).
At replacement of a brake liquid in system remember or write down mark of a liquid which has been filled in that at доливке to use the same mark.
At installation of a stopper of a tank with the gauge liquid level in a tank slightly raises at the expense of volume of a float of the gauge.


The tank is established on the main cylinder of brake system on the left side of a motor compartment at a board передка.

       THE PREVENTION
Observe safety measures at work with a brake liquid: it is toxic.

       GOOD ADVICE
Not to subject itself in the future to contingencies on repair of brake system, and even all car as a whole, in due time replace a brake liquid fresh. It very much гигроскопична also absorbs a moisture from air that besides occurrence of corrosion of details of brake system raises temperature of boiling of the liquid that can lead to refusal of brakes at frequent intensive braking.
Do not use the liquid merged from system repeatedly: it is polluted, sated by air and a moisture.
Hit of a brake liquid on wires, the plastic or painted details of a body can cause their damage. Therefore always enclose pure rags at pouring. At liquid hit on these details at once wipe their pure rag.

1. Check up level of a brake liquid in a tank. It should be between labels «MIN» and «MAX», put on the tank case.
2. If level of a liquid below a label «MIN», turn away a cover of a tank and add a brake liquid to a mark «MAX». Then wrap a tank cover.
3. Check up work of the gauge of falling of level of the brake liquid established in a cover of a tank. For this purpose include ignition then press the button on a tank cover. In a combination of devices the control alarm lamp of an emergency condition of working brake system should light up. If the lamp does not light up, most likely, the gauge is faulty.

Check of level and доливка liquids in a tank of the main cylinder of coupling
It be required to you: a brake liquid, a pure rag.
The tank is established on the left side of a motor compartment at a board передка and connected to the main cylinder a flexible hose.

       THE NOTE
As the variant can be established the main cylinder of coupling united with a tank (section 11 «Alternative executions of the car» see).

1. Normal level of a liquid should be such.
2. If level below norm, turn away a stopper and remove it. A stopper put on a pure rag, without supposing both stopper pollution, and running off from it a liquid.

THE NOTE
Sometimes at stopper removal it appears that the rubber jack be turned inside out. It means that while in service there was an essential decrease in level of a liquid in a tank. On the car the working cylinder automatically compensating deterioration of coupling (adjustment manually is not required) is established.

Strong decrease in level of a liquid in the absence of its leak indirectly testifies to limiting deterioration of overlays of a conducted disk of coupling.

3. Accurately add a liquid in a tank to the bottom edge of a jellied mouth and wrap a stopper.

THE NOTE
If at removal of a stopper the jack has appeared turned out, disconnect it from a stopper, form it, shown on a photo, and insert the jack into a stopper (it is established with a small tightness). In the presence of signs of ageing, cracks, ruptures and other damages replace the jack.



Check of level and доливка liquids in a tank of the hydraulic booster of a steering
The liquid for the steering hydraulic booster is required to you.
The tank of the hydraulic booster of a steering is established on the left side of a motor compartment at a board передка and connected to the pump and the steering mechanism flexible hoses.
1. Check up liquid level in a tank of the pump of the amplifier of a steering. For this purpose turn away a tank stopper.
2. Oil level should be between labels on щупе, built in in a stopper.
3. If necessary add oil.
Check of level and доливка liquids in a tank of washers of a windscreen and glass of a window of a door of a back
It be required to you: in the summer – pure water, in the winter – a nonfreezing liquid.

       GOOD ADVICE
Use a nonfreezing liquid of manufacture of the known firms, not containing hazardous to health метанол.
Do not dilute a nonfreezing liquid with a view of economy at air rise in temperature. Besides freezing rise in temperature, at the diluted liquid washing properties sharply worsen.


The tank of a washer of a windscreen is located in a motor compartment on the right mudguard in its forward part.
     
THE PREVENTION
Do not use a washer, if level of a liquid below an aperture заборника the pump in a tank: the washer electric motor will fail.

1. Turn away a stopper and add a liquid in a tank of a washer of a windscreen to a mouth.
2. At a filter contamination take out it from a tank and clear of pollution.
3. The tank of a washer of glass of a door of a back is located under a door upholstery. To add in it a liquid, remove a stopper.


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2.6. Replacement of the filter of air arriving in salon