Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
5. Transmission
5.1. Coupling
5.2. Possible malfunctions of coupling, their reason and ways of elimination
5.3. A transmission
5.4. Possible malfunctions of a transmission, their reason and ways of elimination
5.5. A distributing box
5.6. Possible malfunctions of a distributing box, their reason and ways of elimination
5.7. Kardannaja transfer
5.8. Possible malfunctions карданной transfers, their reasons and ways of elimination
5.9. Drives of forward wheels
5.10. Possible malfunctions of drives of forward wheels, their reasons and ways of elimination
5.11. The forward bridge
5.12. Possible malfunctions of the forward bridge, their reason and ways of elimination
5.13. The back bridge
5.14. Possible malfunctions of the back bridge, their reason and ways of elimination
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 















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5.14. Possible malfunctions of the back bridge, their reason and ways of elimination

Cause of defect
Way of elimination
The raised noise from outside back wheels
Ослабло wheel fastening
Tighten nuts of fastening of a wheel
Deterioration or destruction of the ball bearing of a semiaxis
Examine полуось and replace the bearing
The constant raised noise at work of the back bridge
The beam of the back bridge is deformed, bearings of semiaxes are damaged
Correct a beam and check up its sizes, replace bearings of semiaxes
Semiaxes are deformed and have inadmissible palpation
Replace semiaxes new
Wrong adjustment, damage or deterioration of gear wheels or reducer bearings
Define malfunction of a reducer, repair or replace a reducer
Deterioration or wrong adjustment of bearings
Differential
Remove a reducer, repair and adjust
Noise at dispersal of the car and braking by the engine
Wrong adjustment of gearing of gear wheels of the main transfer
Adjust gearing
Damage of bearings of a semiaxis
Replace bearings
Insufficient quantity of oil
Restore level of oil and check up, whether is not present подтекания in consolidations or in a beam of the back bridge
Wrong lateral backlash in gearing of gear wheels of the main transfer
Adjust a backlash
The increased backlash in bearings of a leading gear wheel owing to easing of a nut of fastening of a flange or deterioration of bearings
Adjust a backlash, if necessary replace bearings
Noise at movement on turn
Damage of bearings of semiaxes
Replace bearings
Knock in a car start of motion
Deterioration of an aperture under an axis of satellites in a differential box
Replace a box of differential and if necessary an axis of satellites
Ослабли bolts of fastening of bars of a back suspension bracket
Tighten bolts
Oil leak
Deterioration or damage of an epiploon of a leading gear wheel
Replace an epiploon
Deterioration of an epiploon of the semiaxis, leading замасливанию
Brake boards, drums and колодок
Check up semiaxis palpation, a beam deflection. Repair or replace the damaged details
Easing of bolts of fastening crankcase a reducer of the back bridge, damage of sealing linings
Tighten bolts, replace sealing linings

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5.13. The back bridge
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6. A running gear