Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
3.1. The engine is not got
3.2. Malfunctions of system of injection of fuel
3.3. Idling was gone
3.4. Faults in engine work
3.5. The car moves jerky
3.6. The car is badly dispersed
3.7. The engine has decayed during movement
3.8. Pressure of oil has fallen
3.9. An engine overheat
3.10. The storage battery is not recharged
3.11. Malfunctions of an electric equipment
3.12. There were extraneous knocks
3.13. The possible reasons of knocks in a suspension bracket and transmission and ways of their elimination
3.14. Possible knocks (noise) карданной transfers, their reasons and ways of elimination
3.15. Possible knocks (noise) of the back bridge, their reason and ways of elimination
3.16. Possible knocks (noise) of the forward bridge, their reason and ways of elimination
3.17. Problems with brakes
3.18. A wheel puncture
4. The engine
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 







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3.6. The car is badly dispersed

It is a lot of reasons of deterioration of dynamics, the cores can be defined so:
1. Malfunction of the engine – compression decrease in one or several cylinders, подсос additional air in an inlet path of the engine. Zakoksovyvanie systems of release or damage of neutralizer of the fulfilled gases.
2. Malfunction of the power supply system – a contamination of atomizers and the fuel filter, hoses of system of giving of fuel. Insufficient giving of a gasoline pump. Application of poor-quality fuel.
3. Malfunction of system of ignition – spark plug failure, breakdown of a high-voltage chain of system.
4. Malfunction of a control system of the engine – refusal of gauges of system. At refusal of any gauge the electronic block of management passes to work under the reserve program, allowing to reach to garage or car-care centre, but thus decrease мощностные and economic characteristics of the engine.
5. Proslipping of coupling owing to deterioration or adjustment infringement.
6. Malfunction of brake system – притормаживание one or several wheels on the move, wrong adjustment of a lay brake.
7. Insufficient pressure of air in tyres.
8. A car overload.

Highly skilled masters with application of the special diagnostic equipment should spend full diagnostics of the car, therefore address on car-care centre.
It is independently possible to spend following works:
1. Check up and finish to norm pressure of air in tyres.
2. Check up work of working brake system and a lay brake. To remove wheels for this purpose it is unessential. Find an equal site of road and to dry windless weather spend arrival on definition выбега the car. The car should be completely filled, in salon only the driver. Disperse the car to 50 km/h, level speed, and then switch off transfer and move by inertia to a full stop. Make one more arrival in the opposite direction. The size выбега should make about 500 m.
3. Check up work of system of ignition as it has been described above.
4. Check up coupling work. Initial check spend on an equal, free platform from obstacles. Establish an accelerator pedal the raised frequency of rotation of idling – approximately 1500 mines-1. Brake the car a lay brake. Squeeze out coupling and include the first transfer. Then start to release a coupling pedal smoothly. If the engine decays – coupling regularly and does not slip. If the engine not глохнетcoupling is worn out and demands replacement (manual adjustment of coupling in operation is not provided, deterioration is compensated automatically by the device in the working cylinder of a hydrodrive).


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3.5. The car moves jerky
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3.7. The engine has decayed during movement