1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
3.1. The engine is not got
3.2. Malfunctions of system of injection of fuel
3.3. Idling was gone
3.4. Faults in engine work
3.5. The car moves jerky
3.6. The car is badly dispersed
3.7. The engine has decayed during movement
3.8. Pressure of oil has fallen
3.9. An engine overheat
3.10. The storage battery is not recharged
3.11. Malfunctions of an electric equipment
3.12. There were extraneous knocks
3.13. The possible reasons of knocks in a suspension bracket and transmission and ways of their elimination
3.14. Possible knocks (noise) карданной transfers, their reasons and ways of elimination
3.15. Possible knocks (noise) of the back bridge, their reason and ways of elimination
3.16. Possible knocks (noise) of the forward bridge, their reason and ways of elimination
3.17. Problems with brakes
3.18. A wheel puncture
4. The engine
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices


3.7. The engine has decayed during movement

Sooner or later each driver can get to a situation when the car several instants ago submitting to all commands, suddenly ceases to react to pressing of a pedal of "gas", and on the instrument panel red sparks light up. The engine has ceased to work, the car loses speed. What to do in such situation? The most important thing – be not nervous! Include the alarm system, squeeze out a pedal of coupling and, using inertia of the car, try to move cautiously to edge проезжей parts and to stop as it is possible more to the right at a roadside and if it is possible – outside of проезжей parts.

Consider that at the idle engine efficiency of brake system of the car decreases and for braking can be demanded большее effort to a brake pedal.

Include a lay brake. If the car has stopped on a bias – use противооткатные an emphasis. At difficult traffic conditions and on country roads expose a sign on an emergency stop as it is provided by traffic Rules. Now it is necessary to reveal and eliminate the arisen malfunction.
There are two principal causes:
– The ignition system does not work;
– The power supply system does not work.
To begin with find out – whether there is a gasoline in a tank? Include ignition and look at the index of level of fuel. If the yellow lamp of the reserve rest of fuel does not burn, and the arrow of the index shows fuel presence, it is possible to assume that gasoline in a tank is.
Open a cowl and attentively examine подкапотное space. Pay attention to an integrity of all units. Check up, whether on a place all wires, whether is not present torn off, burnt down, with the damaged isolation. Examine petrol hoses, топливопровод the engine and the fuel filter – whether is not present gasoline smudges?

If leaks gasoline, at all do not start up the engine before full elimination of malfunction!

Examine a broad tank of system of cooling – whether the cooling liquid has flowed out. Check up also oil level in картере the engine. If everything is all right, start check of system of ignition and the power supply system which is described earlier.

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3.6. The car is badly dispersed
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3.8. Pressure of oil has fallen