10.1. Features of a design
Body of the car of type the versatile person, five-door, all-metal, welded, a bearing design. The body consists of a skeleton and hinged knots: a cowl, doors, bumpers, details остекления, an internal upholstery and external furnish.
Fig. 10.1. Details of a skeleton of a body: 1 – a floor tunnel; 2 – a forward right longeron of a floor; 3 – the left forward wing; 4 – a beam of the forward buffer; 5 – the bottom cross-beam of a framework of a radiator; 6 – the right rack of a framework of a radiator; 7 – the right forward longeron; 8 – the top cross-beam of a framework of a radiator; 9 – the right mudguard of a forward wing; 10 – a board передка; 11 – the right forward wing; 12 – the right forward door; 13 – a forward beam of a roof; 14 – a cowl; 15 – the roof amplifier; 16 – the right back door; 17 – the roof panel; 18 – the back amplifier of a roof; 19 – a back door; 20 – a cross-beam of a back floor; 21 – the left back wing; 22 – left боковина bodies; 23 – the left back door; 24 – the left central rack боковины; 25 – the back panel of a floor; 26 – the left forward door; 27 – the left average longeron of a floor; 28 – a floor cross-beam; 29 – the floor panel a lobby left
The body skeleton represents the rigid spatial farm consisting of following knots: the bases of a floor with передком
and a cross-beam 20 (fig. 10.1
) a back floor, right and left боковин
22 in gathering with back wings 21, a forward beam of a roof 13, amplifiers of a roof 15 and 18, and also panels of a roof 17. Lateral doors
and a back door
, a cowl
, forward wings, buffers and radiator facing concern hinged knots
and a cowl
are fixed on a body by means of loops. Forward wings, and also forward and back buffers are fixed on a body by bolts. Radiator facing is attached by four screws.
Wind, back and lateral glasses are pasted to a body (glass of a door
of a back is pasted to a door
and has a heating element) and are a part of its power scheme.
separate, with adjustment of an inclination of backs and moving mechanisms in a longitudinal direction, with the easily removable headrests regulated on height and an angle of slope. The back seat structurally consisting of two seats, can be combined for increase in volume of a luggage space both entirely, and in parts. Seats of the driver and passengers are equipped by seat belts.
In car salon are established the panel of devices, прикуриватель
, ashtrays, a ware box, противосолнечные peaks
, heating and ventilation system, a rear-view mirror.
The car is equipped by two lobbies and one back eyes for towage, aprons of forward and back wheels.
For the period of long parking of the car do not cover a body with a cover from a dense material. The cover which has become wet in the rain creates at heating on the sun steam "bath", and the paint and varnish covering of a body under it can exfoliate and вспучиться. Besides, under flaws the cover moves and uses up a paint on acting parts of a body.
Do not put on a body subjects from rubber. After a while rubber will leave on a covering (especially light) indelible stains.
If in due course резинотехнические products on a body of your car have lost a trade dress, wipe their cream for the hands, containing glycerine, or the silicone greasing sold in shops of autospare parts.
From time to time spend a thin metal plate between lateral glass and a rubber overlay on a door – so you remove a dust and sand and protect glass from scratches.
After a sink necessarily take out rubber rugs and dry salon. A moisture under rugs – the main reason of occurrence of corrosion of a floor