Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
9.1. Features of a design
9.2. Safety locks and the relay
9.3. The generator
9.4. Possible malfunctions of the generator, their reason and ways of elimination
9.5. A starter
9.6. Possible malfunctions of a starter, their reason and ways of elimination
9.7. The switch (lock) of ignition
9.8. Replacement and service of spark plugs
9.9. A control system of the engine
9.10. Illumination, the light and sound alarm system
9.11. Possible malfunctions of illumination and the light alarm system, their reason and ways of elimination
9.12. Screen wipers
9.13. Possible malfunctions of a screen wiper of a windscreen, their reason and ways of elimination
9.14. Removal and installation of a washer of a windscreen
9.15. Removal and installation of a washer of glass of a door of a back
9.16. The electric motor of the fan of a heater
9.17. Possible malfunctions of the electric motor of the fan of a heater, their reason and ways of elimination
9.18. The electric motor of the fan of system of cooling of the engine
9.19. A combination of devices
9.20. Possible malfunctions of control devices, their reasons and ways of elimination
9.21. Replacement of the block of switches of the proof-reader of headlights and свещения devices
9.22. Replacement of the switch of the alarm system
9.23. Replacement подрулевого the switch
9.24. Replacement of gauges and switches
9.25. Электростеклоподъемники forward doors
9.26. System of blocking of locks of doors
9.27. A heating system of glass of a door of a back
9.28. Automobile anticreeping system (АПС)
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 







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9-6-vozmozhnye-neispravnosti-startera-ikh-prichiny-i-sposoby-ustraneniya.html

9.6. Possible malfunctions of a starter, their reason and ways of elimination

Cause of defect
Way of elimination
At inclusion of a starter the anchor does not rotate, the traction relay does not work
The storage battery is faulty or is completely discharged
Charge the battery or replace
Plugs of the storage battery and tips of wires are strongly oxidised, tips are poorly tightened
Clear plugs and tips of wires, tighten and grease with vaseline
Mezhvitkovoe short circuit in an involving winding of the traction relay, its short circuit on "weight" or breakage
Replace the traction relay
Breakage in a feed circuit of the traction relay of a starter
Check up wires and their connections in a chain between tips 50 starters and
The ignition switch
The contact part of the switch of ignition is faulty: contacts 30 and 50 do not become isolated
Replace a contact part of the switch of ignition
Jamming of an anchor of the traction relay
Remove the relay, check up ease of moving of an anchor
At inclusion of a starter the anchor does not rotate or rotates too slowly, the traction relay works
The storage battery is faulty or discharged
Charge the battery or replace
Plugs of the storage battery and tips of wires are oxidised, tips are poorly tightened
Clear plugs and tips of wires, tighten and grease with vaseline
Ослабло fastening of tips of the wire connecting the power unit with a body
Tighten fastenings of tips of a wire
Contact bolts of the traction relay or ослабли nuts of fastening of tips of wires on contact bolts are oxidised
Smooth out contact bolts, tighten nuts of fastening of wires
Подгорание a collector, lag of brushes or their deterioration
Smooth out a collector, replace brushes
Breakage or short circuit in an anchor winding
Replace an anchor
At starter inclusion the traction relay repeatedly works
Also it is disconnected
The storage battery is discharged
Charge the battery
Breakage or short circuit in a keeping winding of the traction relay
Replace the traction relay
The big power failure in a feed circuit of the traction relay because of strong oxidation of tips of wires
Check up wires and their connections in a chain from the storage battery to the tip 50 starters
At inclusion of a starter the anchor rotates, the flywheel does not rotate
Proslipping муфты a free wheeling
Check up a starter at the stand,
Replace муфту
Reducer gear wheels are damaged
Replace the damaged gear wheels
Unusual noise of a starter at anchor rotation
Excessive deterioration of loose leaves of bearings of shaft of an anchor and drive
Replace loose leaves or covers and support with loose leaves
Ослабло fastening of a starter or its cover from outside a drive is broken
Tighten nuts of fastening or replace a starter
The starter is fixed with a warp
Check up starter fastening
Reducer gear wheels are damaged
Replace the damaged gear wheels
Teeths of a gear wheel of a drive or flywheel wreath are damaged
Replace a drive or a flywheel
The gear wheel does not leave gearing with a flywheel:
- Jamming муфты on шлицах a drive shaft;
- Jamming of an anchor of the traction relay
Do the following:

- Clear шлицы and grease with their engine oil;
- Replace the traction relay or eliminate jamming

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9.5. A starter
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9.7. The switch (lock) of ignition