Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
9.1. Features of a design
9.2. Safety locks and the relay
9.3. The generator
9.4. Possible malfunctions of the generator, their reason and ways of elimination
9.5. A starter
9.6. Possible malfunctions of a starter, their reason and ways of elimination
9.7. The switch (lock) of ignition
9.8. Replacement and service of spark plugs
9.9. A control system of the engine
9.10. Illumination, the light and sound alarm system
9.11. Possible malfunctions of illumination and the light alarm system, their reason and ways of elimination
9.12. Screen wipers
9.13. Possible malfunctions of a screen wiper of a windscreen, their reason and ways of elimination
9.14. Removal and installation of a washer of a windscreen
9.15. Removal and installation of a washer of glass of a door of a back
9.16. The electric motor of the fan of a heater
9.17. Possible malfunctions of the electric motor of the fan of a heater, their reason and ways of elimination
9.18. The electric motor of the fan of system of cooling of the engine
9.19. A combination of devices
9.20. Possible malfunctions of control devices, their reasons and ways of elimination
9.21. Replacement of the block of switches of the proof-reader of headlights and свещения devices
9.22. Replacement of the switch of the alarm system
9.23. Replacement подрулевого the switch
9.24. Replacement of gauges and switches
9.25. Электростеклоподъемники forward doors
9.26. System of blocking of locks of doors
9.27. A heating system of glass of a door of a back
9.28. Automobile anticreeping system (АПС)
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 















9-2-predokhraniteli-i-rele.html

9.2. Safety locks and the relay

The assembly block of safety locks and the relay
The majority of feed circuits of an electric equipment of the car is protected by fuses. The chain of a charge of the storage battery, a chain of start-up of the engine, the generator are not protected by safety locks.

Fig. 9.1. The assembly block: К1 – the control relay
Serviceability of lamps (on cars Chevrolet Niva
Instead of the relay crosspieces) are established;
К2 – The relay of a cleaner of a windscreen; К3 – the relay-breaker of indexes of turn and emergency
Alarm systems; К4 – the relay of inclusion of a passing light of headlights; К5 – the relay of inclusion of a headlight of headlights;
К6 – The additional relay; К7 – the inclusion relay
Heating of back glass; К8 – the reserve relay (on
Cars Chevrolet Niva it is not established);
F1–F20 – Fuses


Fig. 9.2. The scheme of connections of the assembly block (external figure in a designation of a tip of a wire – number pad, and internal figure – conditional number of the tip): К1 – the relay of the control of serviceability of lamps (contact crosspieces which are established instead of the relay are inside shown); К2 – the relay of a cleaner of a windscreen; К3 – the relay-breaker of indexes of turn and the alarm system; К4 – the relay of inclusion of a passing light of headlights; К5 – the relay of inclusion of a headlight of headlights; К6 – the additional relay; К7 – the relay of inclusion of heating of back glass; F1–F20 – fuses


Safety locks and the relay are established in the block (fig. 9.1) which is in car salon under the panel of devices on the left side from a steering column. The scheme of internal connections of the assembly block is presented on fig. 9.2.

       THE NOTE
The cover of the block of safety locks is for descriptive reasons removed.

Replacement of safety locks and the relay
Before to replace fused safety lock, find out the reason of its combustion and eliminate it. At troubleshooting see the chains specified in tab. 9.1 which are protected by the given safety lock.

       GOOD ADVICE
Always have with itself the complete set of spare safety locks.

       THE PREVENTION
Do not replace safety locks with crosspieces and the safety locks calculated on other current strength, or a self-made crosspiece. It can lead to damage of electric devices and even to a fire.

1. Turn out two screws of fastening of a cover of the block of safety locks.
2. Uncover and by means of the plastic tweezers which are in the block...
3.... Take out a safety lock.
4. For relay replacement take out it from the block of safety locks and the relay.
5. Establish new safety locks and the relay in an order, the return to removal.

Removal and installation of the block of safety locks and the relay
1. Turn out two screws and uncover the block of safety locks and the relay.
2. Turn out screws of fastening of the block.
3. Take away the block downwards so that to get access to колодкам wires.
4. Disconnect pad with wires, preliminary having marked them.
5. Hook a screw-driver and remove колодку the additional unloading relay from the block.
6. Remove the block of safety locks and the relay from the car.
7. Establish the block of safety locks and the relay in an order, the return to removal.

The block of the relay and safety locks of system of injection
The block of the relay and safety locks of system of injection is located under the panel of devices around feet of the passenger.

       THE PREVENTION
Replacement of the fused safety lock with a safety lock of other face value or a self-made crosspiece is not supposed.

Safety locks of electrofans of system of cooling
Safety locks of electrofans of system of cooling are in the block of safety locks and the relay of system of injection.
1. For replacement of safety locks uncover the block of safety locks, having turned out the screw of its fastening.
2. Take out left and...
3.... Right safety locks.
4. Examine and replace fused safety locks.

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9.1. Features of a design
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9.3. The generator