Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
4.1. Features of a design
4.2. A good advice
4.3. Removal and installation of a decorative casing of the engine
4.4. Removal and installation of protection oil crankcase and an engine mudguard
4.5. Replacement of a cooling liquid
4.6. Oil replacement in the engine and the oil filter
4.7. Clearing of system of ventilation crankcase
4.8. Replacement of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
4.9. Installation of the piston of the fourth cylinder in position ВМТ of a step of compression
4.10. Check and installation of phases timing on labels
4.11. Replacement натяжителя chains of a drive of a camshaft
4.12. Replacement успокоителя chains of a drive of a camshaft
4.13. Boot replacement натяжителя chains of a drive of a camshaft
4.14. Replacement of a chain of a drive of a camshaft
4.15. Replacement of hydrosupport of levers of a drive of valves
4.16. Removal, installation and дефектовка a flywheel
4.17. Replacement of the forward bearing of a primary shaft of a transmission
4.18. Replacement of details of consolidation of the engine
4.19. Camshaft replacement
4.20. A head of the block of cylinders
4.21. Removal and engine installation
4.22. Engine repair
4.23. Greasing system
4.24. Cooling system
4.25. System of release of the fulfilled gases
4.26. The power supply system
4.27. Possible malfunctions of the engine, their reason and ways of elimination
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 















4-6-zamena-masla-v-dvigatele-i-maslyanogo-filtra.html

4.6. Oil replacement in the engine and the oil filter

It be required to you: шестигранный the G-shaped key for a stopper of a drain aperture (usually this key is put to the car in a set of the driver's tool), a special key for отвертывания the oil filter or the big screw-driver, a funnel, a pure rag.
So the oil filter on the engine is located.

       GOOD ADVICE
Oil merge after a trip while the engine has not cooled down. If the engine cold, start up and warm up it to working temperature.
Fill in oil of the same mark that was in the engine. If all of you have decided to replace oil mark wash out greasing system промывочным oil or oil of that mark which will be used. For this purpose after plum of old oil fill in new to the bottom mark of the index of level of oil. Start up the engine and allow to it to work 10 mines idling. Merge oil and only after that replace the oil filter. Now can fill in new oil to demanded level (the top label on щупе).

       THE PREVENTION
Do not merge the fulfilled oil on the earth.

1. Open a cowl. Remove a stopper with маслоналивной mouths, having turned it approximately on 90 ° counter-clockwise.
2. Remove protection oil crankcase and an engine mudguard (Removal and installation of protection oil crankcase and an engine mudguard »see«).

       THE NOTE
Access to a drain stopper oil crankcase is possible and at the established protection and a mudguard, however in this case from an aperture under a stopper and at removal of the oil filter from an oil highway the part of oil will inevitably pour out and will pollute a guard.

3. Clear a stopper of a drain aperture on the pallet crankcase the engine a metal brush, then a rag. Wipe a rag the oil filter and картер round it.
4. Turn away a stopper of a drain aperture, preliminary having substituted capacity for merged oil. Merge the fulfilled oil.

       THE PREVENTION
Oil is hot – be cautious.

5. Wrap a stopper.
6. Turn away the oil filter a hand or...
7.... A stripper.

GOOD ADVICE
For отворачивания the oil filter use a special key. If such key or a similar stripper is not present, punch the case of the filter a screw-driver and, using it as the lever, turn away the filter, and punch the filter as it is possible more close to a bottom not to damage the union. It is possible to take advantage also of the strip of a rough emery paper curtailed twice, having wrapped up it the filter and having shifted it from a place hands.


8. Fill an internal cavity of the new filter with pure engine oil approximately on third of volume (for reduction of an operating time of the engine at the first start-up in conditions of "oil starvation»).
9. If the sealing ring of the new filter is not processed by the manufacturer консистентной greasing or talc, grease a ring with pure engine oil and wrap the filter into place hands without tool application.
10. Fill in pure oil (Check of level and доливка oils in greasing system »see«). Wrap a stopper маслоналивной mouths.
11. Start up the engine and allow to it to work idling some minutes (the control lamp of insufficient pressure of oil should go out through 2–3 with the ambassador of start-up of the engine). In an engine operating time check up, whether is not present подтеканий some oil from under a stopper of a drain aperture and the oil filter. Stop the engine, check up oil level, if necessary add oil, tighten a stopper and the filter.

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4.7. Clearing of system of ventilation crankcase