Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
4.1. Features of a design
4.2. A good advice
4.3. Removal and installation of a decorative casing of the engine
4.4. Removal and installation of protection oil crankcase and an engine mudguard
4.5. Replacement of a cooling liquid
4.6. Oil replacement in the engine and the oil filter
4.7. Clearing of system of ventilation crankcase
4.8. Replacement of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
4.9. Installation of the piston of the fourth cylinder in position ВМТ of a step of compression
4.10. Check and installation of phases timing on labels
4.11. Replacement натяжителя chains of a drive of a camshaft
4.12. Replacement успокоителя chains of a drive of a camshaft
4.13. Boot replacement натяжителя chains of a drive of a camshaft
4.14. Replacement of a chain of a drive of a camshaft
4.15. Replacement of hydrosupport of levers of a drive of valves
4.16. Removal, installation and дефектовка a flywheel
4.17. Replacement of the forward bearing of a primary shaft of a transmission
4.18. Replacement of details of consolidation of the engine
4.19. Camshaft replacement
4.20. A head of the block of cylinders
4.21. Removal and engine installation
4.22. Engine repair
4.23. Greasing system
4.24. Cooling system
4.25. System of release of the fulfilled gases
4.26. The power supply system
4.27. Possible malfunctions of the engine, their reason and ways of elimination
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 















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4.5. Replacement of a cooling liquid

According to the manufacturer recommendation it is necessary to replace cooling liquid in two years of operation or through 60 thousand in km of run, depending on that will come earlier. Besides, if the cooling liquid has changed colour on reddish, immediately replace it as such change says that were developed ингибирующие additives and the liquid became aggressive in relation to details of system of cooling.
It be required to you: a key «on 13», a cooling liquid, a pure rag, capacity for a merged cooling liquid capacity not less than 10 l.

       PREVENTIONS
Apply the cooling liquids recommended by manufacturer (see enc. 3).
Replace cooling liquid only on the cold engine.
The cooling liquid is toxic, therefore be cautious at work with it.
At start-up of the engine the stopper of a broad tank should be closed.
Wrap a stopper of a broad tank densely. The broad tank at the working engine is under pressure and consequently at poorly wrapped up stopper from under it the cooling liquid can begin to flow.


1. Establish the car on an equal horizontal platform. If the platform has a bias, put the car so that its forward part was above back.
2. Remove protection oil crankcase and an engine mudguard (Removal and installation of protection oil crankcase and an engine mudguard »see«).

       THE NOTE
Protection crankcase and a mudguard can to be removed, however in this case it is necessary to use any adaptation for gathering of a merged liquid, differently it will be inevitably poured on a platform under the car.

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3. Open the heater crane, having turned the handle of management of the crane clockwise against the stop.
4. Substitute capacity under a stopper of a drain aperture of a radiator of system of cooling and turn away a stopper.

     
THE PREVENTION
Antifreeze is mortally poisonous for all live. Therefore, not to pollute environment, merge it from a radiator through a funnel (for example, made of a plastic bottle for soda water).

5. Remove a stopper of a broad tank of system of cooling, having turned it counter-clockwise.
6. Turn out a stopper from a drain aperture on the block of cylinders and merge the rests of a cooling liquid from channels of the block of cylinders, preliminary having substituted under it capacity. Wrap a stopper.
7. Fill system of cooling of the engine, filling in cooling liquid in a broad tank until its level will not be established at a label «MAX» on a tank wall. Wrap a stopper of a broad tank. Start up the engine and allow to it to get warm to working temperature (before inclusion of fans). After that stop the engine, check up level of a cooling liquid and if necessary add to a label «MAX».

       THE NOTE
At the working engine watch temperature of a cooling liquid under the index. If the arrow has reached a red zone, and the fan has not joined, include a heater and check up, what air goes through it. If the heater submits the warmed-up air, means, most likely, the fan and if cold – means is faulty, in system of cooling of the engine the air stopper was formed. For its removal muffle the engine, allow to it to cool down and turn away a stopper of a broad tank. Start up the engine, allow to it to work during 3–5 mines and close a stopper of a broad tank.
       
GOOD ADVICE
For the guaranteed removal of air from cooling system before liquid pouring disconnect a hose from throttle knot. Filling in a liquid in a broad tank, at the moment of the beginning вытекания liquids from a branch pipe of throttle knot put on a hose a branch pipe and tighten a collar of fastening of a hose. After that continue to add a liquid to norm.

For the best filling of system without air stoppers periodically прожимайте hoses of a radiator a hand.
In some days of operation of the car after replacement of a cooling liquid check its level. If necessary add cooling liquid.
If through very short time fresh antifreeze has changed colour with blue on brown, means, you have filled in a fake in which manufacturers "have forgotten" to add ингибиторы corrosion. Besides, one of fake signs is sharp full decolouration of antifreeze. Dye of qualitative antifreeze very much racks and only darkens in due course. The antifreeze tinted by a linen blue becomes colourless. It is necessary to replace such "antifreeze" faster.

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4.4. Removal and installation of protection oil crankcase and an engine mudguard
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4.6. Oil replacement in the engine and the oil filter