Chevrolet-Niva
1. The car device
2. Recommendations about operation
3. Malfunctions in a way
4. The engine
4.1. Features of a design
4.2. A good advice
4.3. Removal and installation of a decorative casing of the engine
4.4. Removal and installation of protection oil crankcase and an engine mudguard
4.5. Replacement of a cooling liquid
4.6. Oil replacement in the engine and the oil filter
4.7. Clearing of system of ventilation crankcase
4.8. Replacement of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
4.9. Installation of the piston of the fourth cylinder in position ВМТ of a step of compression
4.10. Check and installation of phases timing on labels
4.11. Replacement натяжителя chains of a drive of a camshaft
4.12. Replacement успокоителя chains of a drive of a camshaft
4.13. Boot replacement натяжителя chains of a drive of a camshaft
4.14. Replacement of a chain of a drive of a camshaft
4.15. Replacement of hydrosupport of levers of a drive of valves
4.16. Removal, installation and дефектовка a flywheel
4.17. Replacement of the forward bearing of a primary shaft of a transmission
4.18. Replacement of details of consolidation of the engine
4.19. Camshaft replacement
4.20. A head of the block of cylinders
4.21. Removal and engine installation
4.22. Engine repair
4.23. Greasing system
4.24. Cooling system
4.25. System of release of the fulfilled gases
4.26. The power supply system
4.27. Possible malfunctions of the engine, their reason and ways of elimination
5. Transmission
6. A running gear
7. A steering
8. Brake system
9. An electric equipment
10. A body
11. Variants of execution of the car
12. Care of the car
13. Purchase of spare parts
14. A trip on HUNDRED
15. Winter operation of the car
16. Preparation for checkup
17. Appendices
 











4-9-ustanovka-porshnya-chetvertogo-cilindra-v-polozhenie-vmt-takta-szhatiya.html

4.9. Installation of the piston of the fourth cylinder in position ВМТ of a step of compression

The piston of 4th cylinder in position ВМТ (the top dead point) compression step establish that at the work, connected with removal of a chain of a drive of a camshaft, installation of phases timing was not broken. At infringement of phases timing the engine will normally not work. Expose ВМТ on a label on a camshaft asterisk (at installation on labels on a pulley of a cranked shaft and on a forward cover of a chain of a drive of a camshaft in this position there can be a piston either 1st, or 4th cylinder). After that be convinced of coincidence of labels on a pulley of a cranked shaft and a cover. If thus shaft labels do not coincide, means, installation of phases timing (the piston of 4th cylinder is not established in ВМТ) is broken. In this case it is necessary to remove a chain of a drive of a camshaft from an asterisk of a camshaft and to turn a cranked shaft before combination of labels (Check and installation of phases timing on labels »see«).

       GOOD ADVICE
To turn a cranked shaft it is possible in the next ways.
1. Get a special key for проворачивания a cranked shaft for a nut of fastening of a pulley. This key it is possible to turn a cranked shaft and from above a motor compartment (in a photo the radiator is removed for descriptive reasons).
2. Include 4th transfer and slowly прокатите the car in the necessary party before label coincidence on an asterisk of a camshaft with a label on the case of bearings of a camshaft.
3. Include 4th transfer and will hang out one of back wheels. Then turn the hung out wheel in the necessary party before label coincidence on an asterisk of a camshaft with a label on the case of bearings of a camshaft.

Arrangement of labels ВМТ
Labels are located on a camshaft asterisk (лунка) and on the case of bearings of a camshaft (ledge).

       THE NOTE
The cover of a head of the block of cylinders is removed.

Besides, labels are put in moulding on a cover of a chain of a drive of a camshaft (ledge) and on a gear wreath of a pulley of a cranked shaft (лунка on a wreath edge). For descriptive reasons the photo is made on the car with the removed radiator, however under a certain point of view they are visible and from the top part of a motor compartment.



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4.8. Replacement of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit
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4.10. Check and installation of phases timing on labels